Executive Actions and Proclamations

December 29, 2021

Rescission of travel restrictions from southern African countries

On December 28, 2021 the White House issued a Proclamation revoking the November 26, 2021 Proclamation restricting travel to the U.S. from eight countries in southern Africa.  The new Proclamation goes into effect at 12:01 a.m. EST on December 31, 2021.  Please see the State Department website for additional details.

December 3, 2021

White House Announces Changes to International Travel Policy

On December 2, 2021 the White House announced a number of new actions designed to address COVID-19.  The announcement outlined new protocols for international travel, including the requirement that all inbound international travelers obtain a COVID test within one day of departure, regardless of vaccination status or citizenship. The CDC has updated its guidance as well.  This is a change from the original international travel policy issued on October 25, 2021, which mandated a test within 3 days of departure.

November 29, 2021


On November 26, 2021 the White House issued a Proclamation, effective November 29, 2021 that restricts travel to the U.S. for noncitizens who were physically present in the following countries within the 14-day period preceding travel to the U.S.:  Botswana; Eswatini; Lesotho; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa; and, Zimbabwe.  The restrictions are in response to the new COVID-19 Omicron variant present in those countries.  While the Proclamation does reference an exception for a noncitizen whose entry "would be in the national interest," neither the State Department or the Department of Homeland Security have confirmed the criteria for National Interest Exceptions (NIEs). 

In a November 28, 2021 U.S. Customs & Border Protection bulletin the agency confirmed that NIEs issued under previous Proclamations are void with respect to the November 26, 2021 Proclamation. OVIS will continue to provide updates as they become available. 

October 27, 2021

White House provides details for new international air travel policy and rescinds COVID-19 country-specific travel restrictions

On October 25, 2021 the White House issued a "Proclamation on Advancing the Safe Resumption of Global Travel During the COVID-19 Pandemic" and a corresponding Fact Sheet entitled "Biden Administration Releases Additional Detail for Implementing a Safer, More Stringent International Air Travel System."  Beginning November 8, 2021 international air travelers to the U.S. will be required to be fully vaccinated and to provide proof of a COVID-19 vaccination prior to boarding a plane, with limited exceptions. This new travel policy replaces the current COVID country-specific travel restrictions announced in a series of Presidential Proclamations issued in 2019, 2020 and 2021.

Acceptable vaccines include FDA approved or authorized and WHO emergency use listed EUL vaccines.   Travelers will also be required to show documentation of a negative viral test from a sample taken within three days of travel to the U.S.  Additional details regarding the new travel policy can also be found on the Department of State website and the agency's FAQs

May 3, 2021

Proclamation Restricting Travel from India and Exceptions for Students

On April 30, 2021 the White House issued a Proclamation restricting travel from India to the U.S. due to the COVID-19 crisis in that country.  The U.S. Department of State confirmed that the National Interest Exceptions being applied to other COVID-19 Proclamation countries will be applied to India.  This means that students seeking to travel to the U.S. to attend school for the Fall term will qualify for a National Interest Exceptions.  Students who require an F-1 visa stamp to enter the U.S. will still need to obtain the visa from a U.S. Consulate or Embassy.

April 6. 2021

Expiration of Proclamation banning visa issuance for H-1Bs

On March 31, 2021 Presidential Proclamation 10052, which temporarily suspended visa issuance to nonimmigrants seeking to enter the U.S. in H-1B and certain other nonimmigrant visa categories, expired.  Even with the expiration, the geographic COVID-19-related Presidential Proclamations suspending entry to the U.S. of foreign nationals who have been physically present in certain regions of the world in the 14-day period before traveling  remain in effect.  These bans apply to China, Iran, Brazil, the Schengen Area countries, the UK and Ireland, and South Africa. And many consular posts around the world are either closed, or operating at reduced capacity with limited services due to the pandemic.  Country-specific travel information can be found on the U.S. Department of State website.

April 23, 2020 (updated March 1, 2021)

Biden Administration Revokes April 2020 Proclamation Suspending Certain Immigrant Entries

On February 24, 2021 the Biden Administration revoked Proclamation 10014 which suspended the entry of certain immigrants to the U.S.

On April 22, 2020, the Trump administration issued a proclamation suspending the entry of certain immigrants. U.S. green card holders, spouses and children of U.S. citizens, and EB-5 immigrants among others were exempt from the order, which took effect on April 23, 2020.  The order did not affect applications for permanent residence (adjustment of status applications) filed in the U.S. Nonimmigrant visa holders including F-1 students, J-1 Exchange Visitors, H-1B, TN and O-1 workers were not impacted. 

The proclamation required that the Secretaries of Labor and Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of State, review nonimmigrant visa programs and make recommendations for "other measures appropriate to stimulate the U.S. economy and ensure the prioritization, hiring and employment of U.S. workers."  

January 27, 2021

U.S. Citizenship Act of 2021

On January 21, 2021 the Biden Administration sent an immigration reform bill to Congress.  The text of the U.S. Citizenship Act of 2021 is not yet available, but the White House did issue a Fact Sheet summarizing the key points of the bill, including: an 8-year path to citizenship for certain undocumented immigrants; an increase in visas and green cards for international students and high-skilled workers; and a mandate to change all references to "alien" in our nation's immigration laws with "noncitizens." 

January 26, 2021

Presidential Proclamation Continuing 14-day Entry Restrictions

On January 25, 2021, the White House issued a Presidential Proclamation continuing the 14-day entry restrictions for travelers coming from the Schengen Area, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Brazil, China and Iran, and adds South Africa to the list of countries. The restriction for South Africa will go into effect on January 30, 2021.

January 22, 2021

Travel Ban

(updated from February 3, 2020)

On January 20, 2021 the Biden Administration issued a Presidential Proclamation revoking the so-called Travel Bans 3.0 and 4.0, issued in September 2017 and February 2020 respectively. Travel Ban 4.0 placed immigration restrictions on citizens from Eritrea, Kyrgystan, Myanmar, Nigeria, Sudan, and Tanzania. Travel Ban 3.0 issued in September 2017 placed country-specific restrictions on citizens of Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria, Venezuela, Yemen and Somalia.

January 4, 2021

Presidential Proclamation suspending entry for certain nonimmigrant visa categories, including H-1B and certain J-1 Exchange Visitor categories

(updated July 1, 2022)

The June 22, 2020 Proclamation can now be found at this link

The Proclamation expired on March 31, 2021 and has not been renewed.

May 29, 2020

Presidential Proclamation Suspending Entry of Chinese Graduate Students and Researchers with Ties to China's "Military-Civil Fusion Strategy"

On May 29, 2020 the White House issued a Presidential Proclamation suspending the issuance of F and J visas to certain Chinese graduate students and researchers associated with entities in China that implement or support the government's "military-civil fusion strategy". The Proclamation gives the Department of State the discretion to identify those individuals who are ineligible for visas and entry to the U.S.  The State Department has not yet issued specific details on how the agency will implement the Proclamation.  OVIS will update our website as information becomes available.

The Proclamation seeks to suspend entry of individuals who currently receive funding from or who currently are employed by, study at, or conduct research at or on behalf of... an entity in the PRC that implements or supports the PRC's 'military-civil fusion strategy or who in the past have been employed by, studied at, or conducted research at or on behalf of... an entity in the PRC that implements or supports the PRC's 'military-civil fusion strategy.

Under the proclamation, the term "military-civil fusion strategy" means "actions by or at the behest of the PRC to acquire and divert foreign technologies, specifically critical and emerging technologies, to incorporate into and advance the PRC's military capabilities."

The proclamation does not apply to undergraduate students.

The proclamation also does not apply to:

  • U.S. lawful permanent residents
  • Spouses of U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents
  • Members of the United States Armed Forces and their spouse and children
  • Individuals "whose travel falls within the scope of section 11 of the United Nations Headquarters Agreement or who would otherwise be allowed entry into the United States pursuant to United States obligations under applicable international agreements"
  • Individuals "whose entry would further important United States law enforcement objectives, as determined by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, or their respective designees, based on a recommendation of the Attorney General or his designee"
  • Individuals "whose entry would be in the national interest, as determined by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Homeland Security, or their respective designees."

The proclamation also gives the Department of State the discretion to revoke the visas of F and J nonimmigrants already in the U.S. who are identified as having associations with entities that support China's military-civil fusion strategy.

OVIS will continue to monitor this situation as it develops, and we will update our website with information as it becomes available.

May 28, 2020

Presidential Proclamation Suspending Travel from Brazil

On May 24, 2020 the White House issued a proclamation suspending entry into the United States of all aliens (immigrants, nonimmigrants, and other non-U.S. citizens) who were physically present within the country of Brazil during the 14-day period preceding their entry or attempted entry into the United States. A subsequent amendment to the proclamation changed the effective date from May 28, 2020 to May 26, 2020.

April 22, 2020

President announces he will issue Executive Order suspending U.S. immigration

On Monday, April 20, 2020 the President announced he would be issuing an Executive Order suspending immigration to the U.S. No details on the timing, scope and duration of the Order were provided. At a press conference on Tuesday, April 21 the President said the Order would halt the issuance of green cards for 60 days, but no specific details were provided.  Once the Executive Order is issued OVIS will be able to provide an update and information on the impact, if any, on Dartmouth international students, researchers, faculty and staff.

November 11, 2019

Presidential Proclamation on Health Insurance

On October 4, 2019 the Administration issued Presidential Proclamation 9945, Suspension of Entry of Immigrants Who Will Financially Burden the United States Healthcare System. The Proclamation, scheduled to take effect November 3, 2019,  requires that applicants for immigrant visas to the U.S. show to the satisfaction of a consular officer that they will be covered by sufficient health insurance within 30 days of entry, or that they have sufficient financial resources to pay for reasonably foreseeable medical costs.  On November 2, 2019 the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon issued a temporary restraining order blocking implementation of the Proclamation for 28 days.  A hearing is scheduled for November 22, 2019 to determine whether a longer-term injunction will be issued.

September 24, 2017

Presidential Proclamation (Travel Ban #3)

Policy Updates

  • June 26, 2018 – In a 5-4 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the current version of the travel ban, which restricts individuals from certain countries from entering the U.S. The affected countries are Libya, North Korea, Syria, Venezuela, Yemen, Iran and Somalia. The restrictions differ from country to country, and are in the background information on this webpage.
  • December 4, 2017 – The U.S. Supreme Court stayed preliminary injunctions that had partially blocked the September 24, 2017 ban. This decision allows the government to enforce the travel ban, pursuant to the specific terms of the ban, on all of the eight countries listed: Chad; Iran; Libya; North Korea; Syria; Venezuela; Yemen; and Somalia. While Iraq is not subject to the ban, the September 24, 2017 Proclamation did say that nationals of Iraq seeking entry to the U.S. would "be subject to additional scrutiny to determine if they pose risks to the national security or public safety of the United States."
  • On April 10, 2018 the White House announced it was lifting the travel restrictions on Chad because the government of Chad had improved their identity management and information sharing practices.

Background on the September 24, 2017 Proclamation

On September 24, 2017, the White House issued a Presidential Proclamation titled "Enhancing Vetting Capabilities and Processes for Detecting Attempted Entry into the United States by Terrorists or other Public-Safety Threats" based on the provision of the March 6, 2017 banning travel into the U.S. of citizens from designated countries. The proclamation removes Sudan from the list of six countries with travel restrictions, and adds North Korea, Chad and Venezuela to the list of designated countries. The designated countries under the proclamation are Chad, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria, Venezuela, Somalia and Yemen. The types of restrictions differ for each country. For example, the restrictions for Venezuela are limited to officials working for specified government agencies and their family members.

The White House issued a Fact Sheet on the proclamation.

Preliminary injunctions issued by U.S. District Courts in Hawaii and Maryland blocked enforcement of the bans on Chad, Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen and Somalia. But on November 13, 2017 the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals narrowed the scope of the Hawaii District Court's injunction, allowing the travel ban on citizens from Chad, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen to go forward, with an exemption for individuals who have a credible claim of a "bona fide relationship" with a person or entity in the U.S. A bona fide relationship can include a family relationship (parent, child, sibling, grandparent, grandchild, brother or sister-in-law, aunt or uncle, niece or nephew, cousin), or a qualifying relationship with a U.S. entity that is formal, documented, and not created for the purpose of evading the Presidential Proclamation. Travel and entry restrictions on citizens of North Korea and certain diplomats of Venezuela remain in effect.

On November 17, 2017 the Department of State issued guidance on the September 24, 2017 Proclamation following the Ninth Circuit's ruling. According to the guidance, visa applicants from Chad, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria or Yemen who lack a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the U.S. will be denied a visa, unless the individual is exempt or qualifies for a waiver under the Proclamation.

On December 4, 2017 the U.S. Supreme Court stayed the preliminary injunctions and allowed the provisions of the Proclamation to take effect pending resolution of the federal appeals court cases.


April 18, 2017

Executive Order

On April 18, 2017 the White House issued an Executive Order entitled "Buy American Hire American." According to an April 17 White House press briefing, the Hire American portion of the Executive Order refers to "the body of law and policy concerning how our immigration, visa and guest worker programs are operated to ensure proper protections for American workers."

While the Executive Order does not impose any immediate changes to current employment-based immigration programs, it does call for the Departments of Homeland Security, Labor, State and Justice to propose new rules and issue guidance on both temporary and permanent employment-based programs that would "protect the interests of United States workers."

The Order also asks the agencies to suggest reforms to the H-1B program "to help ensure that H-1B visas are awarded to the most-skilled or highest-paid petition beneficiaries." OVIS will continue to monitor the implementation of the Order and update this page.

March 6, 2017

Executive Order and the U.S. Supreme Court

On March 6, 2017 the White House issued a new Executive Order on immigration, "Protecting the Nation from Terrorist Entry into the United States." You can read the Executive Order and Fact Sheet here. On May 25, 2017 the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision upholding the Maryland District Court's preliminary injunction stopping enforcement of the March 6, 2017 Executive Order. On June 12, 2017 the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued an opinion upholding the portion of the Hawaii District Court's injunction that blocked the 90-day ban on entry to the U.S. It did not block the section of the Executive Order that creates a framework for a future indefinite entry bar that could be applied to any country that is unwilling to provide the U.S. with the information it requires in order to issue a visa for admission.  On June 1, 2017 the federal government filed a petition asking the U.S. Supreme Court to accept its appeal of the Fourth Circuit's decision against the Executive Order.

On June 26, 2017 the U.S. Supreme Court heard the government's appeal of the lower court decisions blocking the administration's executive order.  In its opinion, the Court upheld portions of the lower court injunctions, but allowed the government to stop entry of foreign nationals "who lack any bona fide relationship" with U.S. persons or entities. On September 7, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a ruling that certain family relatives be allowed to enter the U.S. while the travel ban is pending judicial review. Under the ruling, effective September 12, grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews and cousins are exempt from the travel ban. The Ninth Circuit also ruled that refugees formally accepted by a refugee resettlement agency would also be exempt from the ban, but the Supreme Court blocked that part of the Ninth Circuit's ruling. The Supreme Court will hear oral arguments on the travel ban case on October 10, 2017.

The government will need to determine whether a foreign national has a bona fide relationship that will allow him or her entry to the U.S. On June 28, 2017 the State Department issued a cable instructing consular posts on the implementation of the order. The guidance contained a restricted definition of close family relationship, but on July 13, 2017 the U.S. District Court in Hawaii ruled that the definition was unjustifiably narrow, and expanded it to include grandparents, grandchildren, brothers and sisters-in-law, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews and cousins.

Based on the language in the Order, students who have been admitted to a U.S. college or university should be eligible for a visa and admission, and individuals who have been offered an appointment or employment at a U.S. college or university should also be eligible for a visa and admission, but ultimately it will be up to the discretion of State Department consular officers at U.S. consulates or embassies abroad, and to U.S. Customs & Border Protection at the ports-of-entry as to whether a foreign national will be able to come to the U.S.

Frequently Asked Questions About the March 6, 2017 Executive Order

What does the March 6, 2017 Executive Order do?

The March 6 Executive Order rescinded the January 27, 2017 Executive Order. Among its provisions, the new Order:

  • Imposes a new 90-day bar on admission of individuals from six countries, including Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen;
  • Removes Iraq from the list of designated countries;
  • Exempts U.S. permanent residents, dual citizens with citizenship in a designated country and a third country, and individuals with a valid U.S. visa for entry to the U.S.;
  • Imposes a 120-day suspension of the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program, but removes the indefinite ban on refugees from Syria;
  • Calls for expedited completion of a biometric entry-exit tracking system

Who would have been impacted by the March 6, 2017 Order?

According to the Order and Fact Sheet, the new entry bar will NOT apply to the following individuals who are citizens or nationals of the six countries:

  • U.S. lawful permanent residents in possession of a valid green card or temporary I-551 stamp
  • Nonimmigrants (i.e. H-1B, F-1, J-1, etc.) who are in the United States in lawful status on March 16, 2017
  • Holders of a valid nonimmigrant visa that is valid for reentry to the U.S.
  • Dual citizens of one of the six countries and the United States
  • Dual citizens of one of the six countries and another country not on the list of six who enter the United States on the passport from the non-designated country
  • Individuals who are traveling on a diplomatic visa, NATO visa, C-2, G-1, G-2, G-3 and G-4 visas

Individuals from one of the six countries who do not fall within one of the above exceptions would be subject to the entry bar for a period of at least 90 days from the date of the Order.

Would dual citizens with citizenship in one of the six countries and another country (other than the U.S.) be exempt?

Yes, the March 6 Order states that individuals with dual citizenship in one of the six countries and another country (other than the U.S.) are exempt. Because this situation is fluid, and airlines and individual U.S. ports of entry may not be implementing the Order consistently, OVIS recommends that individuals with dual citizenship contact their OVIS advisor prior to making any international travel plans, including to Canada.

Could the list of countries be expanded under the March 6 Order?

The March 6 Order includes provisions that would allow the government to expand the list of designated countries. OVIS will continue to monitor this and provide any updates as they become available.

January 27, 2017

Executive Order

The March 6, 2017 Executive Order rescinded and replaced the January 27, 2017 Order.

Among its provisions, the Executive Order suspended entry to the United States "of immigrants and nonimmigrants" from seven countries for a period of 90 days from the date the Order was signed. The seven countries included Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen. Although the Order covered U.S. lawful permanent residents (green card holders), following significant public protest and a lawsuit by the ACLU, Department of Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly released a statement invoking an exception to the entry ban for U.S. lawful permanent residents on a case-by-case basis.

A January 29, 2017 DHS Fact Sheet includes the language of the statement.

Litigation Related to the January 27, 2017 Executive Order

A federal court judge in Seattle, Washington issued a temporary restraining order on continued implementation of the Executive Order nationwide. On Thursday, February 9, 2017 the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals denied the government's request for an emergency stay on the District Court's temporary restraining order.

The TRO prevents the enforcement of certain sections of the January 27 Executive Order, including the provision that prevented individuals from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen from entering the U.S., and the provision suspending the admission of refugees.

While the government had the option to seek review by the Circuit Court, or appeal the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court, it instead issued the March 6 Executive Order expressly rescinding the January 27 Order.

Frequently Asked Questions About the January 27, 2017 Executive Order

Are applications for U.S. immigration benefits impacted by the Executive Order?

On February 3, 2017 U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) updated its website with a statement that the agency will continue to adjudicate applications for benefits regardless of country of origin. There has been no indication that USCIS will change this policy in light of the March 6 Order.

What should international students, scholars, faculty and staff from countries other than the list of six consider with regard to travel?

OVIS will continue to monitor what is happening and issue updated information as it becomes available. For now, based on the Fourth Circuit's decision, the March 5 Order will not be enforced.  If you are a citizen of one of the designated countries, please contact your OVIS advisor prior to any international travel.

If you are from a country OTHER than one of the six listed and you have international travel plans, please ensure your passport is valid for reentry, that you hold the appropriate, valid visa in your passport, and that you carry with you all required immigration documents (Form I-20 for F-1 students, DS-2019 form for J-1 Exchange Visitors, H-1B approval notice for H-1B employees, etc.).

If you are traveling outside the U.S., and also need to apply for a new visa prior to returning to the U.S., you may experience additional delays during the visa application process, including administrative processing delays that can take several weeks to be completed. Please be sure to check with the U.S. embassy where you will apply for the visa for required documentation and timelines. You can find estimated wait times for visa applications on the State Department website:

Do Customs & Border Patrol agents have the right to search electronic devices at the borders and airports?

The government claims broad discretion in this area. Information about Customs & Border Patrol's search authority can be found on the agency's website. The ACLU has some helpful information on its website about how to prepare for and handle these situations at the land borders and airports.

What are the other immigration-related Orders?

On January 25, 2017 the White House issued two Executive Orders on border security and interior enforcement that will significantly expand deportations and detention of undocumented immigrants. The White House, in a memo released on February 20, 2017, stated that recipients of DACA would be exempt from these provisions. There are a number of organizations with helpful information and resources on their websites about these Executive Orders and the memos released by the Department of Homeland Security on February 20, 2017.

What about DACA?

DACA recipients are not impacted by the March 6 Order. For more information on DACA and undocumented students, please refer to the OVIS resource page.

What legal resources are available?

What is Dartmouth doing?

Dartmouth has formed an Immigration Working Group to monitor and analyze the impact of the Executive Orders and other immigration policy changes, and to share information with Dartmouth students, scholars, faculty and staff. Information about the Immigration Working Group can be found on the Office of the Provost website.

President Hanlon and Provost Dever sent a message to the Dartmouth community on March 8, 2017 regarding the March 6 Executive Order. Read the full message.

In response to the January 27 Order, on February 13, 2017 Dartmouth joined 16 other academic institutions as signatories to an amicus brief filed with the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York in the case of Darweesh et al. v. Trump et al. The case challenges the January 27, 2017 Executive Order. Read the brief.

President Hanlon sent a message to the Dartmouth community on January 29, 2017 regarding the January 27 Executive Order, and stated Dartmouth's support for its repeal. Read the full message.

President Hanlon also joined other university presidents from across the nation in signing a letter to Donald Trump urging him to "rectify the damage" done by his executive order. Read more about this and the College's support for international students and scholars.

OVIS will continue to reach out to affected individuals to advise them regarding travel outside the U.S. OVIS is working closely with campus partners, including The Frank J. Guarini Institute for International Education, home of Dartmouth's Off-Campus Programs, to ensure that affected students, scholars, faculty and staff do not depart the U.S.

Executive Order Resources